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Central Toronto Veterinary Referral Clinic

Puppy and kitten sitting on an exam table


Learn More about Veterinary Specialties

What is a Veterinary Specialist? How are they different from my family veterinarian?

In addition to completing undergraduate training and four years of veterinary school, Board-certified veterinary specialists are similar to their human medical counterparts in that they have completed an internship and residency in their specialized field—an additional 3 to 5 years of training.

In addition to this extensive training, a Board-certified veterinary specialist must pass rigorous examinations to achieve Board certification from the American Colleges of Veterinary Internal Medicine and Veterinary Surgeons, and the European Colleges of Veterinary Internal Medicine and Veterinary Comparative Nutrition. Specialists bring a greater understanding in the area of internal medicine, cardiology, ophthalmology, surgery and have a greater knowledge of the unusual, the uncommon, or rare in both large and small animals. A Specialist may also use diagnostic equipment not generally used by your family veterinarian.

Our Specialties

Dog on Vet table with Vet

Internal Medicine

Veterinary internal medicine is a term used to describe a variety of specializations that focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.

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Cat With Vet


A surgery specialist is trained to provide advanced surgical procedures to help in the diagnosis and treatment of your pet.

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A close up of the face of a black and white dog laying outside in grass

Diagnostic Ultrasounds

An ultrasound is a highly useful tool when evaluating heart conditions, internal organs, cysts and tumors.

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Veterinarian Examining a Dog's Face


Veterinary ophthalmology is a field of medicine dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of eye-related conditions in animals.

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Hand petting cat with its eyes closed


A veterinary cardiologist is one who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases affecting the hearts of animals.

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Veterinarian Giving a Cat a Shot


Central Toronto Veterinary Referral Clinic offers the services of a board-certified specialist in veterinary anesthesia and analgesia for many of the procedures performed within the hospital.

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Dog and Cat Laying


At Central Toronto Veterinary Referral Clinic, we treat your pets as we would our own. We strive to provide a comprehensive approach to each patient's care. This means that our oncologist, Dr. Kostas Rigas, and our team will ensure that all medical needs are being met, and your pet's comfort and quality of life are at the forefront of all decisions.

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A large black dog eating from a bowl of food inside


A complete and balanced diet is one of the fundamental keys to optimizing health and longevity in companion animals. The CTVRC Nutrition Department is dedicated to maintaining and enhancing quality of life through a tailored dietary program for our patients.

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